Lipton’s Journal/February 7, 1955/536
From Project Mailer
Toynbee’s challenge and response strikes me as being another mutation on give and take.
- In The Study of History (1934-61), Arnold Toynbee traces the ascension and decline of successive world civilizations using his concept of challenge and response. Ideas for change usually come from a creative minority, which are adopted by the majority to face both external and internal threats.