Lipton’s Journal/February 7, 1955/536

From Project Mailer

Toynbee’s[1] challenge and response strikes me as being another mutation on give and take.


  1. In The Study of History (1934-61), Arnold Toynbee traces the ascension and decline of successive world civilizations using his concept of challenge and response. Ideas for change usually  come from a creative minority, which are adopted by the majority to face both external and internal threats.